Climbing and Hillwalking
Climbing and Hillwalking (3)
Climbing, hillwalking, mountaneering and scrambling in Scotland is a very popular persuit. The Highlands of Scotland is the mos common destination for someone wanting to go hillwalking.
Some of the most spectacular mountains occur in the northwest highlands, especially on Skye, the largest island off the coast. On the mainland nearby lie some great ranges based on the Torridonian sandstone, a Precambrian rock which overlies yet older rocks such as the Lewisian gneiss. Some of the highest peaks, such as Beinn Eighe are crowned by white quartzite, which gives those peaks a distinctive appearance. The trend continues to the north with larger caps of the white rock at Foinaven and Arkle. Some of the quartzite contains fossilized worm burrows. It is known as pipe rock and is circa 500 million years old.
Scotland offers a wide variety of ascents, from gentle rolling lowland hills to some very exposed routes in the moorlands and mountains. The term climbing is used for the activity of tackling the more technically difficult ways of getting up hills involving rock climbing while "hillwalking" refers to the easier routes.